On August 8, 2008, a Brooklyn woman was a passenger in a vehicle that was involved in a traffic accident. The accident occurred in the intersection of Middle Neck Road and Northern Boulevard. This intersection is located in Nassau County in New York State. At the time of the accident, the woman was a passenger in a 2007 Lexus that was being driven by her male companion. The vehicle was struck in the rear end by another vehicle. The woman contends that she sustained a serious injury as defined by the Insurance Laws of New York State in the course of the traffic accident. She subsequently filed a personal injury lawsuit to recover monetary damages as a result of the injuries that she sustained in the accident. The woman contends that her right knee was injured in the accident and that she was required to have arthroscopic surgery on the knee. She also stated that she received a sprain of her neck and lower back. She contends that these injuries prevented her from conducting her usual activities for at least 90 of the 180 days immediately following the accident. She also contends that the knee injury qualifies as a serious injury under the law because she now has limited flexion of the knee that is not within the normal range.
In order for a person to recover monetary damages as the result of an accident under New York Law, they must be able to demonstrate that they obtained an injury of sufficient severity that they were unable to perform their normal day to day activities for at least 90 days of the 180 days that immediately followed the accident. They can also demonstrate that the injury is a permanent disability as defined by them having a limited use of an appendage of the body. Other qualifying injuries fall under spinal injury or brain injury, either one of which may qualify a person to have received a serious injury as defined by the Insurance Laws of the state.
However, these injuries must be quantitative. That means that a medical professional doctor, or chiropractor, must swear under oath to the condition that the woman sustained. She must present these sworn statements to the court. The woman must also show that the doctor performed quantitative non-subjective tests of the body part that she maintains was injured. These tests must demonstrate an actual decrease of use that can be measured as compared to the normal measurements of an uninjured person.